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Parliament of Great Britain


Unicameral Two-Chamber Legislature


House of Lords
House of Commons


May 1, 1707

Preceded by

Parliament of England
Parliament of Scotland

Meeting Places

Palace of Westminster, Westminster, London
Port Royal, Jamaica
Port Tariff, Unknown
York, England
Wales, England

Leader of the House of Lords

The Duke of Newcastle

Lord Chancellor

The Earl Granville

Leader of the House of Commons

Maxamillion Phillip Beckett, MP

Speaker of the House of Commons

Mr. Arthur Onslow, MP

The Parliament of Great Britain is the Government of Great Britain, its Lands and Mandates. In the Parliament are two Houses. The House of Lords and the House of Commons. It is used to make decisions regarding the British Empire. The House of Lords are the Higher Class who represent the nobility and the House Of Commons represent the common people. In both Houses there are Leaders, Speakers, and Deputy Leaders. The Speaker for the House of Lords is Chosen by King George Augustus II of Great Britain and The Speaker of the House of Commons is chosen by a democratic vote. . The Parliament has the power to declare wars, establish peace, and alter taxes.


Following the Treaty of Union in 1706, Acts of Union, ratifying the Treaty, were passed in both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland, which created a new Kingdom of Great Britain. The Acts dissolved both parliaments, replacing them with a new parliament, referred to as the 'Parliament of Great Britain, based in the home of the former English parliament. All the traditions, procedures, and standing orders of the English parliament were retained, as were the incumbent officers, and members representing England comprised the overwhelming majority of the new body. It was not even considered necessary to hold a new general election. While Scots Law and Scottish legislation remained separate, new legislation was now to be dealt with by the new parliament.

After the Hanoverian George I ascended the throne in 1714 through the Act of Settlement of 1701, power began to shift from the Sovereign. George was a German ruler, spoke poor English, and remained interested in his dominions in Europe. He thus entrusted power to a group of his ministers, the foremost of which was Sir Robert Walpole. and by the end of his reign, the position of the ministers—who had to rely on Parliament for support—was cemented. Towards the end of the 18th century the monarch still had considerable influence over Parliament, which was dominated by the English aristocracy, by means of patronage, but had ceased to exert direct power: for instance, the last occasion Royal Assent was withheld, was in 1708 by Queen Anne. At general elections the vote was restricted to freeholders and landowners, in constituencies that were out of date, so that in many "rotten boroughs" seats could be bought while major cities remained unrepresented.

Parliament Gallery

House of Lords


The House of Lords (commonly referred to as "the Lords"), and also known as House of Peers for ceremonial purposes, is the Upper House of the Parliament of Great Britain. Parliament comprises the Sovereign, the House of Commons (which is the lower house of Parliament and referred to as "the Commons"), and the Lords. The House of Lords, like the House of Commons, assembles in the Palace of Westminster.

The House of Lords as an upper chamber has the primary purpose of scrutinising Legislation proposed by the Lower House through the form of debate and through proposing amendments to legislation. Governments in recent years have used the Upper House as a variant of the Select Committee process to finalise legislation before presentation for Royal Assent. Bills are able to be introduced into either House for debate and reading but due to the need for the Lower House's consent Bills are almost always introduced in the House of Commons. Peers of the House of Lords may also be in Cabinet but in recent years it is generally rare for high profile positions to be granted to members due to the appointment and Hereditary positions of those within the House. The Speech from the Throne is delivered from the House of Lords, a tradition still emulated in other Commonwealth Realms, as a reminder of the constitutional position of the Monarch. The House also has a minor Church of England role in that through the Lords Spiritual Church measures must be tabled within the House.

House of Commons


The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords (the upper house). Both Commons and Lords meet in the Palace of Westminster. The Commons is a democratically elected body, who are known as Members of Parliament (MPs). Members are elected through the first-past-the-post system by electoral districts known as constituencies. They hold their seats until Parliament is dissolved (a maximum of five years after the preceding election). A House of Commons of England evolved at some point in England during the 14th century and, in practice, has been in continuous existence since, becoming the House of Commons of Great Britain after the political union with Scotland, and also, during the nineteenth century, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the political union with Ireland, finally reaching its current title after independence was given to the Republic of Ireland. The House of Commons was originally far less powerful than the House of Lords, but today its legislative powers greatly exceed those of the Lords. Although it does not formally elect the prime minister, the position of the parties in the House of Commons is of overriding importance. By convention, the prime minister is answerable to, and must maintain the support of, the House of Commons. Thus, whenever the office of prime minister falls vacant, the Sovereign appoints the person who has the support of the House, or who is most likely to command the support of the House — normally the leader of the largest party in the Commons. (The leader of the second-largest party becomes the Leader of the Opposition.)

Want to be a MP (Member of Parliament)?

House of Lords Requirements - Must be a peer (granted by, inherited or knighted by the King or previous royalty). 

House of Commons Requirements - Must be a subject, or citizen. No royal, noble ranks or titles. Average common people who make up the general population of Great Britain. (Elected into office by popular vote of population of the Great Britain).

Members Database


House of Lords

The Upper House of the British Parliament, and the more powerful of the two. Membership to the House of Lords is by appointment only, and is reserved for senior politicians who hold peerages with the crown. Most HCOs sit in the House of Lords, as well as the Prime Minister if he is a peer.

  • His Grace The Duke of Newcastle, Lord John-Luke Octavius Dieudonné Goldtimbers - Prime Minister of Great Britain, First Lord of the Treasury, Leader of the House of Lords, Commander-in-Chief of HM Armed Forces, Chancellor of Cambridge University, 1st Duke of Edinburgh, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne
  • The Right Honourable Earl Granville, Lord Andrew Norrington Mallace II - Lord High Chancellor of the Courts, Keeper of the Great Seal of the Realm, Second Lord of the Treasury, Member of the EITC Court of Directors, Governor of the British Virgin Islands and Gibraltar, the 3rd Earl Granville, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Southwark
  • The Right Honourable Earl Grey, Lord Joseph Archibald Grey -  Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Third Lord of the Treasury, Member of the EITC Court of Directors, Governor of Port Royal, British Ambassador to Switzerland, 1st Earl Grey, Viscount Howick, Baron Grey, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Northumberland
  • The Right Honourable Earl of Portsmouth, Lord Nathaniel Huntington I - Secretary of State for the Northern Department, Master-General of the Board of Ordnance, Paymaster of the Forces, Head of the British Royal Army, A Director of the EITC Court of Directors, 1st Earl of Portsmouth, Viscount Lymington, Vice-Admiral of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, KB, FRS, MP for Westminister
  • His Grace The Duke of Grafton, Lord Frederick Augustus - Lord Privy Seal, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Keeper of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, 6th Duke of Grafton, 7th Marquis of Exeter, KT, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Kent
  • His Grace The Duke of Manchester, Lord Tyler Anthony Robert Wellington III - Governor-General of the African Colonies, Field Marshal of the Third Army, A Director in the EITC Court of Directors, 3rd Duke of Manchester, Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire, KT, KB, FRS, MP for Manchester
  • His Grace The Duke of Bedford, Lord Nathaniel Joseph Benedict Johannes Adam Garland -  4th Duke of Bedford, KT, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Bedfordshire
  • The Right Honourable Earl of Buckinghamshire, Lord William Geoffrey Averill Hopkins - Deputy Minister for the Southern Department, Lord Chief Justice, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire, Baron Hobart, 1st Baronet of Intwood, PC, FRS, MP for Nottinghamshire
  • The Right Honourable Earl of Lincoln, Lord James Goldtimbers - Master of the Great Wardrobe, Colonel of The 2nd Queens Regiment of Dragoon Guards, Great Master of the Order of the Bath, Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire, Custos Rotulorum of Northamptonshire, 9th Earl of Lincoln, KB, PC, FRS, MP for City of London
  • The Right Honourable Earl of Salisbury, Lord Charles Salisbury - Vice-Admiral in His Majesty's Royal Navy, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KT, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Wiltshire

House of Commons

The Lower House of Parliament that is comprised of a mix of elected and applicant officials, and contrary to the House of Lords, is open to any British citizen. The Speaker of the House of Commons is the highest ranking elected official in the nation and is elected at the beginning of each session of Parliament.

  • The Honourable Arthur Onslow - Speaker of the House of Commons, MP for Lancashire
  • The Honourable Sir Maxamillion Phillip Beckett - Leader of the House of Commons, First Lord of the Admiralty, Treasurer of the Navy, Governor of New York, KG, KB, PC, MP for Cumberland
  • The Honourable Sir Roger Atkinson (Gunshot) - Lord President of the Council, Paymaster of the Forces, General in His Majesty's Army, Governor of the Leeward Islands, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Stirlingshire
  • The Honourable Lady Mercedes Grey-Huntington - Deputy Minister for the Northern Department, KB, MP for Dorset.
  • The Honourable Sir Blake Stewart - Commodore in His Majesty's Navy, FRS, MP for Richmond
  • The Honourable Roger Warskull - Governor of Ceylon, Former East India Company Lieutenant-Governor, MP for Bristol
  • The Honourable Andrew Hoffman - British Citizen, FRS, MP for Newham
  • The Honourable Marcus Livingston (Marc Warfury) - Commander of His Majesty's Marine Forces, Governor of the British New South Wales, MP for Enfield
  • The Honourable Henry Edward (Underdog) - Former Lieutenant-Commander of His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP for Derbyshire
  • The Honourable William Goldsilver - Former Director in the Honourable East India Company, FRS, MP for Anglesey
  • The Honourable Bartholomew Wolfgang Jäger Swordfury - Major in His Majesty's Army, Governor of Newfoundland and Assam, MP for Lothian
  • The Honourable Henry Roland  - Solicitor, Former Corporal in the EITC Private Army, MP for Caernarforshire
  • The Honorable Thomas McWard: Rear-Admiral in His Majesty's Royal Navy.

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